MUSEUMS

NATIONAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL MUSEUM

And 'the most important archeological museum in Europe, with a rich collection of coins, an Egyptian section and a series of rooms which house pieces of exceptional importance. They relate to the large mosaic depicting "The Battle of Alexander at Issus, the Farnese Bull, the group of Tyrannicides, the Tablets of Heraclea and the halls of the Temple of Isis. These sculptures, murals, mosaics, weapons, pottery, vases, objects in bone and ivory, monili.L 'building of the Museum was built in the early years of '600 on a primitive system of the late '500, is intended to stable and never used. The new building, which was to host the University of Naples, was inaugurated in 1615 and was given the name "Palazzo dei Regi Studi". In 1777, transferred to the University, King Ferdinand IV of Bourbon Palace allocates the seat of the Bourbon Museum and the Royal Library and gave the task to the architect F. Escape to restore and modify the building. There were many changes over the years of architecture, the most substantial of which was raising the first floor on the two wings of the building. Between the end of '700 and early '800 were gradually arranged the rich Farnese collections - paintings, collections of antiquities and library - the first part placed in the Museo di Capodimonte, and the collections of the various royal palaces. The top 800 were transported to the Museum also found the antiquities from the middle of the '700 at Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabia and exposed so far in the Herculaneum Museum of Portici. In 1816 the Museum, thus formed around the two large nuclei Farnese and Vesuvius, was named "Royal Bourbon Museum." During the last century followed each other many new entries, both from private collections or excavated material, coming mostly from Campania and southern Italy. Meanwhile, in 1860, with the unification of Italy, the Bourbon Museum became the property of the State, taking the brand name "National Museum". Between 1863 and 1875 I'istituto, who had always had problems with clutter and organizing the exhibition, was finally cleared up in good part by Giuseppe Fiorelli. A new general arrangement was made by Ettore Pais between 1901 and 1904 and it is followed by reorganization of individual collections, also made possible by the availability of new space determined by transfers from other work, in 1925, the National Library - the oldest Real library - and, in 1957, the Pinacoteca, which went to constitute the "National Museum and Galleries of Capodimonte". Remained so here only the rich collections of antiquities, the museum and then assumed its present identity of the Archaeological Museum. For several years the building is covered by a radical restoration, now almost completed, while realizing a comprehensive reorganization is aimed at documenting the collections on one hand the private collector, the other characteristics of the different contexts excavated material. Because of this work of reorganization numerous collections, such as those of the furnishings in gold and bronze, are now excluded from the tour.


basement ---> Epigraphs - Egyptian collection


ground floor ---> Sculptures - Sculpture Farnese - engraved gems


mezzanine ---> Mosaics - Sculpture - Collezione Astarita


Featured ---> Villa of the Papyri collections - Vascular - Salone della Meridiana - Section Topography - Mural - Temple of Isis - Model of Pompeii - silver, ivory, terracotta - Weapons - Medals

NATIONAL MUSEUM OF CAPODIMONTE

The current home of the Museum and National Gallery of Capodimonte was built in 1743 at the behest of Charles of Bourbon, was commissioned to build the royal palace was entrusted to Giovanni Antonio Medrano and Antonio Canevari, while Ferdinand Sanfelice was given to achieve the great park, the botanical part entrusted to the manager of the Botanical Garden, Denhardt. The beautiful site, overlooking the eastern part of the city from the hill of Capodimonte, is one of more reference Baroque and Rococo in Naples. It consists of the house of the Princes, the building of the Manufacture of Porcelain, the grand palace surrounded by the Park, the Chapel of San Gennaro, the Faggianeria, the Casina the Queen and the Hermitage of the Capuchins.

ROYAL PALACE MUSEUM

In view of Naples from the sea, stands the long red and gray facade of the Palazzo Reale, decorated the first floor, from grillages the roof garden. In early 1600, the Spanish Viceroy of Naples, they decided to build for himself and for the travel of the King of Spain, a modern residence, open porches and balconies, spacious and decorated in the style classical. Quite different then, the magic in the fortified castles which they had lived Angevin and Aragonese kings. The site chosen was close to Castel Nuovo, at the end of Via Toledo, to the new residential district of Chiaia, south-west of the ancient city. Even today the Largo di Palazzo, Piazza del Plebiscite, is one of the centers of state power in Naples. On it in fact, overlook the premises of the Military Command in Southern Italy and the Prefecture. The building was designed and partly built by Domenico Fontana, by order of Viceroy Fernando Ruiz de Castro, Count of Lemos and Catherine Vicereine Zunica, according to a model building of the late Renaissance. A model that the architect had already experienced in Rome, in his work for the Pope Sixtus V.

NATIONAL MUSEUM OF SAN MARTINO

Museum was opened in 1866, the Unification of Italy, after the Certosa, included among the ecclesiastical property suppressed, was declared a National Monument. By the will of the archaeologist Giuseppe Fiorelli environments were designed to collect evidence in a museum of life and the Kingdom of Naples, southern Italy, in the history section is divided into various collections of Painting, Sculpture, Cribs and minor arts.

ZOOLOGICAL AND AQUARIUM

The Naples Zoological Station, designed the essence of the Neapolitan architect Oscar Capocci, was completed later by the German sculptor Adolf von Hildebrand, who set the pace and finished facades of the building as extended. The Zoological accommodate the rich aquarium and a science laboratory to the international level, whose interests have turned to the study and ALLLA knowledge of flora and marine fauna.

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